Primal Health Databank Entry

Entry No:0908
Title:Neurodevelopmental disorders and prenatal residential proximity to agricultural pesticides: the CHARGE study.
Author(s):Shelton JF, Geraghty EM,, et al.
Reference:Environ Health Perspect. 2014 Oct;122(10):1103-9. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1307044. Epub 2014 Jun 3.
Place of Study:USA
Abstract:The CHARGE study is a population-based case-control study of ASD (autistic spectrum disorder), DD (developmental delay), and typical development. For 970 participants, commercial pesticide application data from the California Pesticide Use Report (1997-2008) were linked to the addresses during pregnancy. Pounds of active ingredient applied for organophophates, organochlorines, pyrethroids, and carbamates were aggregated within 1.25-km, 1.5-km, and 1.75-km buffer distances from the home. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of exposure comparing confirmed cases of ASD (n = 486) or DD (n = 168) with typically developing referents (n = 316). Approximately one-third of CHARGE study mothers lived, during pregnancy, within 1.5 km (just under 1 mile) of an agricultural pesticide application. Proximity to organophosphates at some point during gestation was associated with a 60% increased risk for ASD, higher for third-trimester exposures (OR = 2.0; 95% CI: 1.1, 3.6), and second-trimester chlorpyrifos applications (OR = 3.3; 95% CI: 1.5, 7.4). Children of mothers residing near pyrethroid insecticide applications just before conception or during third trimester were at greater risk for both ASD and DD, with ORs ranging from 1.7 to 2.3. Risk for DD was increased in those near carbamate applications, but no specific vulnerable period was identified.
Keyword(s):Asperger's syndrome, autism, autistic spectrum disorder, pesticides, synthetic oxytocin
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